Culture and Heritage
Liphofung Cave and Cultural Village
The Liphofung (place of eland) Cave is the largest overhang in the Clarence Sandstone, originally used by the san who left their art work. Later, King Moshoeshoe1 used the cave as a stopover when visiting that part of the country.
The site lies in the valley of Hololo River just off the main road to Oxbow and Mokhotlong. There is a small information centre with crafts and Basotho artefacts displayed. Pony rides and traditional dances can be organized on request. There are ensuite accommodation rooms.
Major Bells Tower
Major Bells Tower is at Hlotse in the Leribe district. This is a fortress which was used during the Gun Wars of 1880-81. It now marks part of the market place. 8km North of Hlotse, there are five toed dinosaur foot prints along Subeng River bed and a small craft centre built next to the river, that display local artefacts.
Ha Kome Historical Cave Dwelling
Ha Kome Cave Village is situated at Pulane area in Berea district. The cave served as a hideout for Basia and one Bataung clans during the Lifaqane wars and cannibalism. The cave is still inhabited by their descendants. There are also faded san paintings in the cave which indicates that the san also occupied the cave.
There is Kome Crafts and Information Office where local crafts are displayed. Picnics, pony trekking, tour of Kome Cave Village are organized from the crafts and information centre. Nearby are Malimong (cannibal) Caves and Bokhopa pinnacle where cannibals waylaid their grass robes to trap the passers-by.
The name Thaba Bosiu means mountain at night because King Moshoeshoe 1 arrived there with his people in the evening. Moshoeshoe occupied the summit in July 1824. This is where the Basotho nation was built. The fortress has eight springs and seven passes, the main one being Khubelu. Thaba Bosiu was never conquered by his invaders. Nearby, there are san paintings and Ntlo Kholo (Big House) Cave and Cultural Village.
Ha Baroana Rock Paintings
Ha Baroana rock paintings site is at Nazareth, in the Maseru district on the way to Mohale Dam, seven kilometers on the gravel road to Ha Khotso village. Ha Baroana rock paintings is one of Lesotho’s most important rock art site located on a hillside underneath a rock shelter facing Liphiring River.
Morija Museum and Archives
Situated at Morija at the foot of Makhoarane Mountain lies Morija Museum and Archives established in 1956 by the Parish Evangelical Missionary Society. Cultural items, historical artefacts and archives are kept here. The museum also publishes books based on history and culture of Basotho. Nearby, are treks leading to the dinosaur foot prints. Also pony rides and tours around Morija can be arranged from the Museum.
Masitise Cave House
Located at Masitise in Quthing district, is the Cave House built in 1866-7 by Rev. David Ellenberger a missionary of the Parish Evangelical Missionary Society, who was invited to the place by chief Moorosi of Baphuthi. The three roomed cave house was used as a home by the Ellenberger family where some of his children were born. There is a negative dinosaur foot print on the ceiling of the large room. The cave house has been turned into a museum with exhibits of artefacts of the people who lived in the area. Rock paintings can also be found at a nearby place
Sehlabathebe National Park
Situated in the Drakensberg escarpment is the Sehlabathebe National Park established in 1970. A breathtaking undisturbed area of its own beauty of clear rivers running through the park, rocks of different formations, san paintings, unique wild flowers, bird sanctuary, rock pools and a waterfall. This is also a place where the rare minnow fish is found Rheebuck orib, mongoose, wild cat, jackal and baboons frequent the area.